Zubayra Shamseden Speaks at the Second Annual China Human Rights Lawyers Day

On July 8th Zubayra Shamseden, UHRP’s Chinese outreach coordinator, spoke at the second China Human Right’s Lawyers Day at Fordham University in New York.  The event commemorates the “709 Incident” when on July 9th, 2015, when over 200 lawyers and activists were swept up in a massive crackdown on human rights advocates.  Along with 14 other rights organizations, UHRP had participated in the inaugural China Human Rights Lawyers Day on July 9th 2017, and is pleased to be able to continue to add our voice to those standing up for human rights in China.

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Dear Teng Biao and other organizers,

Thank you for inviting me to the annual ‘China Human Rights’ Lawyers’ Day’ event. It is my honor to be here to represent the voices of the people, who live in the most lawless, distressing place on Earth under the Chinese communist regime, called East Turkistan or so-called Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China.

Let me tell you what’s happening to the people of this region right now:

The horrible situation that Uyghur people are facing is not new. The current worsening crackdown began around 2014, and it has escalated since the current Chairman Chen Quanguo took office.

Beijing’s repressive policies since Chen took office turned to a wholesale attack on Uyghur religion, culture and ethnic identity. He turned East Turkestan into a police state. Practicing religion and culture is banned. Thousands of mosques have been demolished. All religious symbols are confiscated. Even expressing the ethnic identity is considered a crime.

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According to Western media and academics, currently over a million Uyghurs are being arbitrarily detained in so-called re-education camps across East Turkestan; including men, women and children. Almost every Uyghur family has at least one or several of their family members detained in these concentration camps. The camps are real prisons. People are being physically and psychologically tortured and there have been many cases of death in custody as well as suicide. We have reports of two Uyghur students who returned from Egypt to die in one of these camps in Korla in very suspicious circumstances. A few months ago, a very well respected 84-year-old Uyghur religious scholar, Muhammed Salih Hajim, died in one those camps in Urumchi in similarly suspicious conditions. According to RFA’s June 4th report, a 24-year-old young Uyghur woman died in Bugur (Southern part of ET), in one of these concentration camps; her 2-year-old son was left orphaned and even her dead body wasn’t given to family for funeral service, saying that the authorities will handle her burial.

Not only are the camps damaging the regular lives of Uyghurs, it is dismantling societies, families, and tearing children apart from parents; according to RFA, some children whose parents were locked up in the camps were sent to overcrowded, terrible conditioned orphanages, some were left on the streets, and the rest were sent to orphanages in mainland China. According to RFA, there are very loose administrative procedures for ‘adoptions’ of the Uyghur children in mainland China.

What the Chinese security forces are exercising within the camps is horrifying according to eyewitness detainees. Several people who experienced the detention in the camps and managed to leave the country say that the conditions of the camps are very poor, with reports of overcrowding and bad food, which the inmates themselves must pay for. The camps are old factories and building such as schools, where inmates listen to CCP propaganda, sing red songs and learn Mandarin, and, according to reports, taught to denounce their religion and their very identities.

They are holding people who have religious beliefs, connections overseas, who have travelled overseas or even just expressed interest in going abroad. Uyghur officials are also being locked up for being “two faced.” Uyghur scholars, teachers and even travel agency employees were detained because at some point in their lives they had either said something sympathetic to Uyghur culture or simply acted as a Uyghur person. There are even reports that anyone under 40 is being targeted.

This wave of detaining thousands of Uyghurs and other minority people in East Turkestan is a show of power and control. With it, China is creating an Orwellian state, a police state with the latest technologies being implemented for complete surveillance and control, where no individual can behave in any way not dictated by the Chinese Communist Party.

In conclusion, I would like to quote from an opinion piece, which was published in the Washington Post on May 20th, 2018, titled “China’s Repugnant Campaign to Destroy a Minority People”:

“All who believe in the principle of “never again” after the horror of the Nazi extermination camps and Stalin’s gulags must speak up against China’s grotesque use of brainwashing, prisons and torture. Not just Muslim leaders but supporters of human rights everywhere ought to be outraged at China’s attempted extermination of an indigenous people’s culture and religion.”

Thank you

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Symposium on the Identity Crisis of Uyghurs Today- Friday, May 25th, 2018 9:30 am to 4:00 pm

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The Uyghur American Association, Uyghur Academy & UHRP are pleased to host a “Symposium on the Identity Crisis of Uyghurs Today”

This one-day event will be held from 9:30 am to 4:00 pm on Friday, May 25th, 2018 at the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs Institute for European, Russian and Eurasian Studies, Room #214

Address: 1957 E Street, NW, Suite 412, Washington, D.C.


Symposium Agenda
9:00-9:40 Refreshments and Registration
9:40-10:00 Opening Remarks

 
10:00 – 12:00: Session A
Challenges in Uyghur Education & China’s Harsh Policy towards Uyghurs
Chair: Rishat Abbas, Research Scientist, USA

 
1. Rebecca Clothey, Drexel University, USA, “Education Policy Appropriation, Ethnic Segregation and Cultural Transmission in Urumqi”
2. Nury A. Turkel, Lawyer, USA, “China’s Re-Education Detention Centers: Examination Uyghur Rights under China’s Constitution and International Human Rights Law”
3. Lauren Hansen Restrepo, Bryn Mawr College, USA, “The Middle Can not Hold: Unpacking the Role of Development on the Rising Culture War within Urban Uyghur Society”
4. Memet Emin, Colombia University, USA, “Mental Impact of Chinese Harsh Policy towards Uyghurs”

 
12:00 – 1:30 LUNCH TIME

 
1:45 – 3:15: Session B- China’s Cultural Assimilation Policy towards Uyghurs
Chair: Ilshat Hassan Kokbore, Uyghur American Association, USA

 
1. Louisa Greve, Washington Fellow, Christian Solidarity Worldwide, USA, “The Campaign to “Sinicize Religion” in the XUAR”
2. Abdulhamit Karahan, Uyghur Academy, TURKEY, “Uyghur Language Crisis in Education both in Uyghur Homeland and Diaspora”
3. Nicole Morgret, Uyghur Human Rights Project, USA, “Uyghur Intangible Cultural Heritage”

 
3:15 – 3:30 Closing Remarks
3:30 – 4:00: Post-Symposium Social

 

For more information please contact Mr. Mehmetjan Bugra,  Phone: +15712149208   E-mail: mbbugra@gmail.com

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UHRP’s Director Speaks in Japan About the Belt and Road Initiative’s Effect on Uyghurs

UHRP’s director Omer Kanat spoke this month in Japan at a conference sponsored by the Japan Uyghur Association on China’s Belt and Road Initiative and its effects on the Uyghurs. He presented UHRP’s report on the BRI and recent developments in China’s overseas investment and loan strategy.

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Mr. Kanat argued that the fact that East Turkestan lies at the heart of the land route of China’s massive infrastructure investment project is a major reason for the current securitization push. The massive increase in the size and militarization of the police force, the propaganda mobilization campaigns, the ramping up of assimilative policies like “bilingual education” and last and perhaps most shocking the incarceration of hundreds of thousands of Uyghurs in “re-education camps” are all being done in the name of “stability” which will supposedly help economic growth, according to the official Chinese argument.

However, these policies do not create the impression of stability- they make East Turkestan appear to be a war zone. Although the human suffering caused is a more pressing issue, the securitization campaign’s effect on the economy is also an interesting question. It is difficult to believe that it has a salutary effect. There have been reports that the propaganda campaigns and re-education camps have deprived farms of the labor needed to harvest crops, leaving them to rot in the fields, and fewer people going to buy in the markets. Others report that the delivery system is randomly shut down for “security reasons,” making life for small traders difficult. Trade with neighboring nations has not quite matched the lofty rhetoric. It was recently reported that all government financed projects were being halted to check if there was enough capital to complete them without additional debt. The government has for years boasted that the GDP growth in the region is faster than other provinces, but it is fueled by unsustainable center-led infrastructure and industrial investments. Fixed asset investment had increased 20% in 2017, compared to a nationwide average of 7%.

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Once-busy Kashgar night market now half empty @Uyghurcause

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Shuttered shops, Kashgar Old Town @Salih_Hudayar

The success of ventures like the Khorgos trade hub with Kazakhstan is in question, with the free trade zone seeming to function more as a tax haven. What the Chinese government says will create trade networks and international cooperation has instead damaged them. There has been trade though the Khunjerab Pass for millennia, but now Pakistanis face challenges in the form of intrusive security checks and high tariffs, and it is one of the countries which Uyghurs will be punished for have any ties to or communication with.   Uyghurs married to Pakistanis have been placed in the camps, and the Chinese government refuses to allow the Pakistanis communication with their wives and even children.

The Chinese government frames the BRI plan as a great opportunity to open up the world to trade and communication. The experience of the Uyghurs should raise doubts about their sincerity- the Uyghur homeland has been transformed into a security state with no regard to the economic effects, and travel, trade and communication across borders is being made difficult to impossible for most Uyghurs. This is a fundamental contradiction at the heart of the BRI plan.

 

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